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APA Publication and Style Manual: Introduction

Resources for using APA style to cite works.



The APA Publication Manual is the official manual of style of the American Psychological Association. Developed to provide guidance and information for those writing and publishing, it is currently in its sixth edition.

The APA Publication Manual is used extensively by students, faculty, researchers, and professionals who write and publish in the fields of Psychology,  Education, Business, Law and Justice, Journalism, Linguistics, Nursing, Medicine, although other styles are also used.  

Which style guide should you use?  The one your professor requires, so be sure to ask.  If you plan to submit a paper for publication, be sure to confirm the correct style. Nearly all publications will identify and give some direction about how manuscripts should be submitted for publication. If not in the publication, guidance will be offered on publishers' websites, or the websites of the organization for whom the journal title is published, if relevant. 

Consult a librarian

Make an appointment for a consultation with a librarian who specializes in your subject area using our Request a Consultation form or visit the Subject Librarians page for a list of librarians and their email and phone contact information. 

Links to Useful Resources

Items in the Library and Available Online

A copy of the APA Publication manual is also kept on Reserve. Ask at the Circulation Desk. 



Links to Helpful Resources

Tips & Templates


Note that while the following links offer great citation examples, based on the APA Publication Manual, inaccuracies and issues can arise. You will benefit immensely if you take the time to familiarize yourself with the APA manual so you can adjust or correct as needed.

Government Sources

Government Sources come in a vast array of types, so citing them can be confusing.

Two versions of a citation builder
from Chegg Study

Purdue Online Writing Lab

The Purdue OWL site is nearly everyone's favorite Go-To website for help with writing and examples of the APA style are very clear.

American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guide from OWL

The Purdue Online Writing Lab website offers two tutorials on APA style.

Sample Paper in APA Style from OWL