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Black Nurses in History: A Bibliography and Guide to Web Resources: Mamie O. Hale

A bibliography and guide to web resources


A graduate of the Alabama Tuskegee School of Nurse-midwifery for Colored Nurses, Mamie O. Hale began her career in public health nursing. 
Picture from UAMS Historical Research Center, direct link located @


Bell PL. ""Making do" with the midwife: Arkansas's Mamie O. Hale in the 1940s." Nursing History Review. 1:155-69, 1993. 

Web Sites

Mamie Odessa Hale Garland (1911–1968?)  (The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture)