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Native American Studies

A guide to various tools and resources for Native American Studies

Lenni-Lenape Resources

This page brings together various resources for and about the Lenni-Lenape peoples, including links to tribal governments, scholarly books in the Rowan University Libraries, and search strategies for finding more resources. The resources listed on this page should not be seen as comprehensive, but rather a starting point for further research.

Lenni-Lenape Land Acknowledgment

The land upon which Rowan University is situated is part of the traditional territory of the Lenni-Lenape, called “Lenapehoking.” The Lenape People lived in harmony with one another upon this territory for thousands of years. During the colonial era and early federal period, many were removed west and north, but some also remain among the continuing historical tribal communities of the region: The Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Tribal Nation; the Ramapough Lenape Nation; and the Powhatan Renape Nation, The Nanticoke of Millsboro Delaware, and the Lenape of Cheswold Delaware. We acknowledge the Lenni-Lenape as the original people of this land and their continuing relationship with their territory. In our acknowledgment of the continued presence of Lenape people in their homeland, we affirm the aspiration of the great Lenape Chief Tamanend, that there be harmony between the indigenous people of this land and the descendants of the immigrants to this land, “as long as the rivers and creeks flow, and the sun, moon, and stars shine.

- Adapted from the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Tribal Nation

Tribal Governments

The Lenape people include several federally recognized tribes in the United States and First Nations in Canada. They comprise:

State-recognized tribes include:

Unrecognized Tribes of Lenape also exist in many states, including Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Idaho, and Kansas.

Search Strategies

Lenape Peoples

The Lenni-Lenape people have been referred to by multiple names in their history, so consider searching a variety of the names when searching for information. These include:

  • Lenape
  • Lenni-Lenape
  • Leni-Lenape
  • Delaware Tribe
  • Munsee (a subtribe of the Lenape, one dialect of the Lenape language)
  • Unami (another dialect of the Lenape language)

The Library of Congress Subject Headings use a controlled vocabulary, and consistently refer to the Lenape peoples as "Delaware Indians", which can be searched in Library Search or WorldCat.

Language Family

In addition, the Lenni-Lenape belong to the Algonquian language family, and share many cultural traits with other Algonquin peoples. You may want to search for general information about Algonquian peoples.


Though Lenapehoking is the traditional homeland of the Lenni-Lenape, members of the tribe have been forced to relocate many times in their history, settling in various places and organized as various individual tribes (see the list above). You may want to consider searching with geographic terms to specify which tribe you are interested in. You may also want to search in geographically-oriented publications, such as the following for New Jersey:

Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian

The Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian has digitized and provided access to many objects and archival documents created by the Lenape, or about the Lenape. These include baskets, utensils, clothing, artwork, and treaties.

Original Treaty with the United States

The Lenape were the first native peoples to sign a treaty with the government of the United States, in 1778. You can view the original treaty through the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian.

Scholarly Monographs in Rowan University Libraries

Writings from the colonial period to the present by non-Native writers often contain inaccurate and problematic descriptions of Native American cultures. Be cautious when reading these sources, and interrogate the source of the information presented and its proximity to Native sources.

Primary Sources: Oral Histories

Oral histories are important sources of history and narrative in many Native American cultures and traditions. These examples bring to the forefront Indigenous perspectives and traditions.