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Vocal Music

A guide to help navigate special resources and searching challenges for vocal music

How to Use this Guide

This research guide helps you search and browse for books and scores for your main instrument (listed on list on the left)

Each page for your individual instrument starts with the Library of Congress classification system for books and scores relevant to each instrument, allowing you to browse the shelves of the library.

The classification system uses call numbers to place items on a physical shelf, and items are also given multiple subject headings, a controlled language that describes the contents of items. For printed music, each call number describes a musical genre or performing ensemble, which is then organized alphabetically by the composer's last name. Subject headings are used for searching in catalogs and databases, while call numbers are useful for finding materials and browsing physical shelves.

The Performing Arts Collection can be found on the Second Floor of Campbell Library. Here, you will find all of the scores, CDs, and most of the reference books (encyclopedias, special music dictionaries, catalogs, and introductory research books), and some of the books on music education and performance. The Performing Arts Collections houses all of the items with call numbers starting with just the letter M, all of the scores and most of the books starting with MT, and some books starting with ML.

The Fourth Floor of Campbell Library contains the majority of our books on music history, music performance, music education, the music industry, and music therapy. These include almost all of the books starting with ML and some books starting with MT. Check with a librarian or a library worker to see where your resources might be located.

Sub-pages under each tab also offer selected primary and secondary source bibliographies.

If you need more help, please ask the Performing Arts Librarian.

Classification Numbers for Vocal Music

Secular Vocal Music

Operas   
     M1500  Scores (full)
     M1503  Piano-vocal scores
     M1505–1508  Excerpts (with original or arranged accompaniment)
 Other Dramatic Music   
     M1510–1518  Incidental music
     M1520–1526  Ballets
     M1527  Motion picture, radio, and television music
     M1528–1529.5  Duets, trios, etc., for solo voices
 Songs (including arias and solo cantatas):

Orchestral Accompaniment

 
     M1611  Collections: full scores
     M1612  Collections: piano-vocal scores
     M1613  Separate works: full scores
     M1613.3  Separate works: other accompaniment
     M1614  Separate works: piano accompaniment
     M1615  Arrangements: Collections: full scores
     M1616  Arrangements: Collections: piano-vocal scores
     M1617  Arrangements: Separate works: full scores
     M1618  Arrangements: Separate works: piano accompaniment
 Songs:

Other accompaniment or no accompaniment

 
     M1619  Collections (more than one composer)
     M1620  Collections: one composer
     M1621  Separate works: piano accompaniment
     M1621.2  Separate works: unaccompanied
     M1621.3  Separate works: accompanied by piano and one other instrument
     M1621.4  Song cycles
     M1622  Vaudeville, music-hall songs, etc.
     M1623  Accompaniment of one other instrument: Collections
     M1624  Accompaniment of one other instrument: Separate works
     M1625–1626  Recitations with music
     M1627–1853  National songs (solo songs and part-songs)
     M1900–1978  Songs (solo songs and part-songs) of groups and schools or about special subjects
     M1990–1998  Secular music for children


 

Sacred Vocal Music

     M2018–2019.5  Duets, trios, etc., for solo voices
 Songs with orchestra, etc. accompaniment  
     M2102  Collections
     M2103  Separate songs: Full scores
     M2103.3  Separate songs: Other accompaniment
     M2104  Separate songs: piano-vocal scores
     M2105–2108  Arrangements
 Songs with piano accompaniment  
     M2110  Collections (more than one composer)
     M2112  Collections (one composer)
     M2113  Separate songs: accompaniment of one instrument
     M2113.2  Separate songs: unaccompanied
     M2113.3  Song cycles
     M2114  Special texts: By religion or denomination
     M2115–2146  Hymnals: By religion or denomination
     M2190–2196  Sacred vocal music for children

 

Singing and Vocal Techniques

     MT820   General works
     MT821  Physiology and care of the voice
     MT823  History of vocal instruction and study
 Systems and methods  
     MT825  American
     MT830  English
     MT835  French
     MT840  German
     MT845  Italian
     MT850  Other
     MT853  Systems using audio-visual aids
 Special techniques  
     MT855  General works
     MT860  Chanting
     MT870  Sight-singing
     MT875  Chorus and part-singing
     MT878  Breathing
     MT882  Tone production
     MT883  Pronunciation; diction
     MT885  Studies and exercises
     MT890  Instructive editions; teaching pieces
     MT892  Interpretation, phrasing, expression
     MT893  Self-instructors
     MT898–916  Vocal techniques for children

Subject Headings for Vocal Music

(for subject searches in Library Search or WorldCat)

Solo vocal music: songs, unaccompanied

sacred songs, unaccompanied

Voice and piano music:

songs (high voice) with piano, songs (medium voice) with piano, songs (low voice) with piano

sacred songs (high voice) with piano, sacred songs (medium voice) with piano, sacred songs (low voice) with piano

Duets:

vocal duets, unaccompanied

vocal duets with piano, vocal duets with chamber orchestra, vocal duets with guitar, etc.

Trios:

vocal trios, unaccompanied

vocal trios with piano, vocal trios with chamber orchestra, vocal trios with guitar etc.

Similar for quartets. quintets, sextets, septets, octets, and nonets.

Search Music Scores

Classification Numbers for Books about Vocal Music

  Ref. ML128 .S2   Sacred vocal music bibliographies
     Ref. ML128.V7  Vocal music bibliographies
 Vocal music  
     ML1400  General works
     ML1402–1451  Vocal music (arranged by period then region or country)
     ML1460  Vocal technique
 Secular vocal music  
     ML1600  General works
     ML1602–1651  By period then region or country
     ML1700–1751  Forms and types (general works; by period then region or country)
     ML2400–2551  Cantatas and songs: works about both solo songs and part-songs (arranged by period then region or country)
     ML2600–2670  Part-songs (arranged by period then region or country)
     ML2800–2854  Solo songs (arranged by period then region or country)
     ML2880–2881  Christmas songs
 Sacred vocal music  
     ML2900  General works
     ML2902–2951  By period then region or country
     ML2999–3197  Individual religions and denominations
     ML3201–3275  Forms and types(oratorio, cantata, chorale)