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This guide is intended to assist undergraduate students researching topics in Psychology

Primary & Secondary Sources in Psychology

Primary Sources are original records of information.

A Secondary source is a work that interprets or analyzes a historical event or phenomenon.


Interview, diaries, oral histories, birth certificates, original research, court reports, letters, manuscripts and  creative works (paintings, music or poetry) just to name a few.


Magazine articles, books, documentaries, critical essays, textbooks and bibliographies.

Consult a librarian

Make an appointment for a consultation with a librarian who specializes in your subject area using our Request a Consultation form or visit the Subject Librarians page for a list of librarians and their email and phone contact information. 

Getting Started

Online Reference Collections

APA Style