Image: March on Washington August, 1963
The Civil Rights Movement has been described as the single most sustained and most important movement in United States history. The 1776 declaration that all men are created equal was not achieved for a substantial portion of the population for more than a century, and for African Americans, 188 years passed before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was enacted.
This guide focuses on this era and the movement to equality for African Americans, beginning with the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. It is designed as a starting point with the hope of engendering further research and learning.
E441-453 Slavery in the United States. Antislavery movements
E456-655 Civil War period, 1861-1865
E456-459 Lincoln's administrations, 1861-April 15, 1865
E461-655 The Civil War, 1861-1865
E482-489 Confederate States of America
E660-738 Late Nineteenth Century, 1865-1900
E660 Collected works of American statesmen E661.7 Diplomatic history. Foreign and general relations
E666-670 Andrew Johnson's administration, April 15, 1865-1869
E668 Reconstruction, 1865-1877
E671-680 Grant's administrations, 1869-1877
E681-685 Hayes' administration, 1877-1881
E686-687.9 Garfield's administration, March 4-September 19, 1881
E691-695 Arthur's administration, September 19, 1881-1885
E696-700 Cleveland's first administration, 1885-1889
E701-705 Benjamin Harrison's administration, 1889-1893
E706-710 Cleveland's second administration, 1893-1897
E711-738 McKinley's first administration, 1897-1901
E744-744.5 Diplomatic history. Foreign and general relations
E751 McKinley's second administration, March 4-September 14, 1901
E756-760 Theodore Roosevelt's administrations, September 14, 1901-1909
E761-765 Taft's administration, 1909-1913
E766-783 Wilson's administrations, 1913-1921
E784-805 1919-1933. Harding-Coolidge-Hoover era. "The twenties"
E785-786 Harding's administration, 1921-August 2, 1923
E791-796 Coolidge's administration, August 2, 1923-1929
E801-805 Hoover's administration, 1919-1933
E806-812 Franklin Delano Roosevelt's administrations, 1933-April 12, 1945
E813-816 Truman's administrations, April 12, 1945-1953
E835-837.7 Eisenhower's administrations, 1953-1961
E838-889 Later Twentieth Century, 1961-2000
E841-843 Kennedy's administration, 1961-November 22, 1963
E846-851 Johnson's administrations, November 22, 1963-1969
All Books at Rowan
To find books use Rowan's Library Search and limit the material type to Books. You can do this either from the Advanced Search page (use the Material Type drop-down menu on the right) or from a search results page (use the Resource Type limiter).
Select E-Books at RU
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Articles, in comparison to books, are shorter and usually discuss a more focused topic. Library databases provide access to scholarly articles and other resources that are often unavailable on the open web.
These interdisciplinary databases can be good starting points for your research.
In history and the humanities a primary source is a item produced from the time you are researching. Examples include a photograph, a letter, a newspaper article, and government documents. Looking at actual sources from a specific time helps you get a firsthand account of what was happening then.
These resources will help you locate relevant primary sources. (See Primary Source Research for more guidance.)
"The African American Intellectual History Society (AAIHS) is a scholarly organization founded in January 2014 to foster dialogue about researching, writing, and teaching black thought and culture. African American intellectual history is a growing and thriving subfield and we believe that the AAIHS and its blog can play a role in fostering that growth for years to come. We are open to scholars in all disciplines, including but not limited to African American history, literature, philosophy, art, dance, and film. We also welcome scholars working on the African Diaspora." (source: website)
"The Civil Rights Digital Library promotes an enhanced understanding of the Movement by helping users discover primary sources and other educational materials from libraries, archives, museums, public broadcasters, and others on a national scale." (source: website)
Also, see issue 8 (Summer 2006) of History Now, the Institute's online journal.
The History website has a wealth of information about the Civil Rights movement and the many events that occurred during this era. The link takes you to the results page of a search for “Civil Rights” Find invaluable links here.
Compiles links to civil-rights resources throughout the Library of Congress Web site. In addition, it provides links to external Web sites focusing on civil rights and a bibliography containing selections for both general and younger readers. (source: website)
The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute provides access to thousands of documents, photographs and publications about the modern African American Freedom Struggle. Use the page to navigate to resources about King's life and work and the larger movements of the era. (source: website)
Of the many events that led ultimately to the passing of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, the Montgomery Bus Boycott stands out as particularly iconic.
NPR Coverage of Anniversaries in the Struggle for Equal Rights
A partnership project produced by the U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, U.S. Department of Transportation, The Federal Highway Administration, and the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers. (source: website)
1865: The 13th Amendment
1866: The Civil Rights Act
1868: 14th Amendment
1870: 15th Amendment
1955: Resolution of the Citizens Mass Meeting, Montgomery, AL (bus boycott)
1956: The Southern Manifesto
1957: Civil Rights Act of 1957
1963: The Birmingham Manifesto
1964: Mississippi Summer Project Documents, June-August 1964 (multiple documents links from site)
1965: Williams v. Wallace
1968: Report of the National Advisory Committee on Civil Disorders (also referred to as the "Kerner Report")
also, see The Civil Rights Act of 1968 (Primary Source Document)
From the U.S. Department of Education
Illustrates that Civil Rights is not a historical phenomenon but an ongoing issue in the United States.