Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Civil Rights in the United States

Seminal Docucments of the Civil Rights Movement, Listed Chronologically

1863: The Emancipation Proclamation

1865: The 13th Amendment

1866: The Civil Rights Act

1868: 14th Amendment

1870: 15th Amendment

1909: The Formation of the NAACP

1941: Executive Order 8802: Banning Discriminatory Employment in the Defense Industry

1948: Executive Order 9981 Barring Segregation in the Armed Forces (P. Truman)

1954:  Brown v. Board of Education 

1955: Resolution of the Montgomery Improvement Association, Montgomery, AL (bus boycott)

1956: The Southern Manifesto

1957: Executive Order 10730: Desegregation of Central High School

1957: Civil Rights Act of 1957

1960: An Appeal for Human Rights  [Image link]  (archived material)

1960: The Civil Rights Act of 1960 [Primary Source Document link]

1960: Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Statement of Purpose

1962: Executive Order 11053: Authorizing the use of federal troops to integrate the University of Mississippi

1963: Letter from the Birmingham Jail. M.L. King

1963: The Birmingham Manifesto

1963: The Birmingham Truce Agreement

1963: Program: March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

                Audio: Martin Luther King. “I Have a Dream”

1964: Executive Order 1118: Providing Assistance for Removal of Unlawful obstructions of Justice in the State of Alabama

1964: Mississippi Summer Project Documents, June-August 1964 (multiple documents links from site)

1964: The Civil Rights Act of 1964

1965: Williams v. Wallace

 1965: Petition to Governor George Wallace by Selma-to-Montgomery Marchers

 1965: The Voting Rights Act of 1965

 1966: The Black Panther Platform and Program

 1968: Report of the National Advisory Committee on Civil Disorders (also referred to as the "Kerner Report")

also, see: Report of the National Advisory Committee on Civil Disorders: A Review Article 

 1968: The Civil Rights Act of 1968. Provision for Open Housing

also, see The Civil Rights Act of 1968 (Primary Source Document)

 1971: James E. Swann et al v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, et al.

 1991: The Civil Rights Act of 1991