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Digital Scholarship Center: Wikipedia Guide: Creating and Editing Pages

Information about the resources in the Digital Scholarship Center

Wikipedia Guide: Creating and Editing Pages

 

This tutorial was written by Timothy Dewysockie, Library Application Support Specialist.


 

This tutorial is a step by step guide in Creating and Editing Wikipedia Pages

 

1) Create an account

Click ‘Create account’ in the top-right corner of Wikipedia’s Main Page.

This graphic shows how to Create an account on Wikipedia

 

 

Fill out all fields and click ‘Create your account’.

This graphic shows how to Create an account on Wikipedia

 

 

2) Sandbox

The Sandbox is a personal space to experiment with the process of editing Wikipedia. For example, if you want to create your own article you can create it in the Sandbox, then publish it when you’re ready. The Sandbox can be accessed—after logging in—in the top-right corner of the page. Edit it as you would any other article (see #3).

 

This graphic shows how to Access the Sandbox

 

 

Pro Tip: If you want to test editing a specific article, you could copy the source code of an article (when logged in, go to an article and click “Edit Source,” and make sure you’re in source mode, not visual mode) and paste it into the source code of your Sandbox page. This effectively makes a copy of the page you want to edit for experimentation. However, don’t just paste the source code back to the actual page’s source once you’re done, because that could overwrite the edits of other users. See more about visual/source modes in #3.

 

Best practices for using the sandbox for editing articles:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Training/For_students/Sandbox_edits_for_existing_articles

 

 

 

3. Editing an article

While logged in and on the page you want to edit, select ‘Edit’ in the top-right corner of the page.

This graphic shows how to select ‘Edit’ in the top-right corner of the page.

There are two editing modes:

Visual Mode: Which is more user-friendly – it’s like editing the actual page

Source Mode: More like coding.

Most users will likely want to start with the Visual Mode.

 

Tip: If you’re uncertain of how to do something in visual mode, copy the source code from another page and paste it into the source of the page you’re editing (and then edit it). Templates are also a good place to look.

 

 

4. Add an in-text citation

Click where on the page you would like the citation to go, then click the ‘Cite’ button.

This graphic shows how to cite.

 

 

Choose the type of resource you are citing:

This graphic shows how to Choose the type of resource you are citing

 

Fill in the fields you can:

This graphic shows how to Enter your information in the text fields.

 

The reference should automatically populate in the reference list in the order cited on the page.

This graphic shows how to list reference.

Note: This is for in-line citations. See #6 for non-in-line citations.

 

 

5. Creating section headings

Section headings separate different parts of Wikipedia pages.

To make one click where on the page you would like the external links section to go. Then click the Paragraph button and select ‘Heading’.

This graphic shows how to edit heading.

 

 

Type whatever you want to call it, such as ‘External Links’.

This graphic shows how to edit links.

 

 

6. External link/further reading section

After following the instructions in #5, create a bulleted list in the External link/further reading section that you created.

External links are generally for websites, further reading for books.

This graphic shows how to create an External link/further reading section

 

External links should consist of a short, hyperlinked description and the source. Examples:

This graphic shows external links.

 

To link to an external page (hyperlink), highlight what you want to link (the description) and use the link function in the toolbar and select ‘External Link’, then copy in the URL. Do the same for the source.

This graphic shows how to use the toolbar

 

For further reading entries you should use a full citation. Use the ‘Cite book’ template to do this; do not follow the instructions for #4, as that’s only for in-line citations.

This graphic shows how to add a template.

 

Tip: To add the references you’ve already cited to a new References section, insert a ‘References list’ by clicking Insert > References list.

 

 

7. Add links to other Wikipedia articles

To ease the navigation of Wikipedia, it can be helpful to hyperlink key words in your article to other Wikipedia articles. First, highlight what you would like to link.

This graphic shows how to find a name.

 

Click the ‘Link’ button in the page’s menu.

This graphic shows how to link button.

 

Search for the page, select it, then click ‘Done’.

This graphic shows how to select.

 

 

8. Create Infobox

Infoboxes can be used to organize standard information, such as basic biographical information if your page is about a person. Here’s an example:

This graphic shows how to create infobox.

 

To do this, first put your mouse’s focus at the beginning of the article:

This graphic shows how to submit for review.

 

Then click Insert > Template.

This graphic shows how to click Template

 

Search for and select ‘infobox person’. Click ‘Add template’.

This graphic shows how to add template.

 

Add as much information as you can (click Add more information to see other fields), then click ‘Insert’.

This graphic shows how to preview.

 

The infobox should appear where you initially selected.

This graphic shows how to edit infobox.

 

 

9. Add categories to pages

Click ‘Page options’ at the top right of the page.

This graphic shows where to select infobox

Select ‘Categories’.

This graphic shows how to select the categories option.

 

Add categories using the ‘Add a category’ field (which will search Wikipedia’s categories) and click ‘Apply changes’ when finished.

This graphic shows how to add a category.

 

The categories you added will appear at the bottom of the page.

This graphic shows the category that appears on the the bottom of page.

 

Tip: To get ideas for categories, look for similar pages.

 

 

10. Using talk pages

Every page has a talk page which can be accessed on the top-left of every page.

This graphic shows how to use talk pages.

 

To add to a talk page, click ‘New section’ on the top-right. This will create a new section with a heading.


Note: There is no visual view for talk pages, only source view.

This graphic shows how to Add a Talk page.

 

If you would like to, for example, link an article to the WikiProject Women’s History, copy in the following source code (which I just copied from another page). Two parameters you need to fill out are class and importance, based on that WikiProject’s guidelines: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Women%27s_History/Assessment

 

{{WPBS |1=

{{WikiProject Women's History |class=Insert here | importance=Insert here}}

}}

 

This will make it so the article appears in the WikiProject Women’s History page as an article that needs work. Other WikiProjects may be relevant. Look at similar articles for other ideas.

You can also use the ‘New Section’ option to make comments, pose questions, suggest future work, etc. on talk pages.

 

 

11. Create a redirect

Go to Wikipedia’s page about how to make a redirect:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:How_to_make_a_redirect

Type in the title of the page you want users to be redirected from. For example, if users search Agnes Turnbull, they will be redirected from that page to the article Agnes Sligh Turnbull.

This graphic shows how to create a redirect.

 

Follow the instructions on the page

This graphic shows how to follow page instructions.

Note: This gets more complicated when someone has a common name (which multiple articles may share). In that case you would add the individual to a disambiguation page. For example, search Elizabeth Allen and you’ll see the disambiguation page.